(Please note: As always, all opinions expressed in my posts are my own and do not reflect the views of the Mega Foundation.)
If reading of possible contamination of polio vaccines with Simian Virus 40 made you wonder if indeed there was proof of contaminations in polio vaccines, the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention have explanations:
Cutter Incident - 1955
In 1955, some batches of polio vaccine given to the public contained live polio virus, even though they had passed required safety testing. Over 250 cases of polio were attributed to vaccines produced by one company: Cutter Laboratories. This case, which came to be known as the Cutter Incident, resulted in many cases of paralysis. The vaccine was recalled as soon as cases of polio were detected....
Simian Virus 40 (SV40) 1955-1963
Some of the polio vaccine administered from 1955 to 1963 was contaminated with a virus called simian virus 40 (SV40). The virus came from the monkey kidney cells used to produce the vaccines. Once the contamination was discovered in the Salk inactivated polio vaccine in use at that time, the U.S. government established requirements for vaccine testing to verify that all new batches of the polio vaccine were free of SV40. Because of research done with SV40 in animal models, there was some concern that the virus could cause cancer. However, evidence suggests that SV40 has not caused cancer in humans.... (End Excerpts)
"Evidence suggests" may not include:
"Simian Virus 40 (SV40), a Possible Human Polyomavirus" (Workshop Held at NIH). Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 1997, Jun. Available from:
During the past 4 years, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays have detected DNA sequences related to SV40 (an oncogenic simian polyomavirus) in a variety of human tissues, especially choroid plexus tumors, ependymomas, mesotheliomas, and osteosarcomas (1-7). These findings were supported by the isolation of infectious SV40 from a choroid plexus tumor (8)....
...In addition to tumors, SV40 DNA sequences have been detected in human pituitary gland tissue, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and seminal fluids from healthy persons (3,5,7)....(End excerpts)
Perhaps like others, after wondering what will be the long-term effects of vaccinations given to me as a child by hopefully well-meaning adults, the polio vaccine safety problem was relegated to a wait and see category.
Recently I was surprised by information about polio I had never read of before in the article "Everything You Learned About The Cause of Polio Is Wrong" written by Jim West and posted on Friday, August 21st 2015 (this is apparently the 3rd edition of the article which is copyrighted by GreenMedInfo LLC, 2015. Please see copyright notice at end of this post.):
"It has been alleged that DDT causes or contributes to a wide variety of diseases of humans and animals not previously recognized as associated with any chemical. Such diseases included... poliomyelitis, ...such irresponsible claims could produce great harm and, if taken seriously, even interfere with scientific search for true causes..." (Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, edited by Wayland J. Hayes, Jr. and Edward R. Laws, 1991)
Hayes and Laws were informing their readers about the heretic, Dr. Morton S. Biskind.
In 1953, when Biskind's writings were published, the United States had just endured its greatest polio epidemic. The entire public was steeped in dramatic images — a predatory poliovirus, nearly a million dead and paralyzed children, iron lungs, struggling doctors and dedicated nurses. The late president Franklin D. Roosevelt had been memorialized as a polio victim who was infected with the deadly poliovirus near the beautiful and remote island of Campobello. The media was saturated with positive images of scientific progress and the marvels of DDT to kill disease-carrying mosquitoes. Jonas Salk was in the wings, preparing to be moved center stage.
Through this intellectually paralyzing atmosphere, Dr. Biskind had the composure to argue what he thought was the most obvious explanation for the polio epidemic: Central nervous system diseases such as polio are actually the physiological and symptomatic manifestations of the ongoing government and industry sponsored inundation of the world's populace with central nervous system poisons.
Today, few remember this poignant writer who struggled with the issues of pesticides, issues that Rachel Carson would be allowed to politely bring to public awareness nine years later, as the lead story in The New Yorker magazine and then as a national best seller, by limiting her focus to the environment and wildlife. Biskind had the audacity to write about human damage....(End excerpt)
Jim West provides charts comparing usage of various pesticides with polio rates. The combined pesticides usage and polio rates chart follows (click to enlarge):
Continuing with the article by Jim West previously cited:
...These four chemicals were not selected arbitrarily. These are representative of the major pesticides in use during the last major polio epidemic. They persist in the environment as neurotoxins that cause polio-like symptoms, polio-like physiology, and were dumped onto and into human food at dosage levels far above that approved by the FDA. They directly correlate with the incidence of various neurological diseases called "polio" before 1965. They were utilized, according to Biskind, in the "most intensive campaign of mass poisoning in known human history."
A clear, direct, one-to-one relation between pesticides and paralytic polio over a period of 30 years with pesticides preceding polio incidence in the context of the CNS related physiology just described, leaves little room for complicated virus arguments, even as a co-factor, unless there exists a rigorous proof for virus causation. Polio shows no movement independent from pesticide movement as one would expect for the virus model.
Medical propagandists promote images of a predatory, infectious virus, invading the body and quickly replicating to a level that causes disease, however, in the laboratory, poliovirus does not easily behave in such a predatory manner. Attempts to demonstrate virus causation are performed under extremely artificial and aberrant conditions.
Poliovirus causation was first established in the mainstream mind by publications of an experiment by Landsteiner and Popper in Germany, 1908-1909. Their method was to inject a purée of diseased tissue into two monkeys, "injected into the abdominal cavity". One monkey died after six days and the other was sickened.
Proof of poliovirus causation was headlined by orthodoxy. This, however, was an assumption — not a proof — of virus causation. The weakness of this method is obvious to everyone except certain viropathologists and has recently been criticized by the molecular biologist Peter Duesberg regarding a modern-day attempt to establish virus causation for kuru, another CNS disease.
Since 1908, the basic test, as intracranial injection, has been repeated successfully many times, using monkeys, dogs and genetically altered mice. However, a crucial weakness exists — polio epidemics do not occur via injections of poliovirus isolate into the brains of the victims through a hole drilled in their skull — except, of course, in laboratories and hospitals....
...Morton S. Biskind had the courage to write about humans. His views fell into disfavor after the introduction of the polio vaccines, which was a grand act that proved in most people's minds that polio was caused by a virus. By October, 1955, Biskind, whose works had been published in established medical journals and who testified before the Senate on the dangers of pesticides, was forced to self-publish his writings, one of which I found while browsing through an old card catalog. A scan of Medline/Pubmed found no other works by him except for a very tame article in 1972, warning that diseases incurred during a patient's stay in a hospital are not necessarily due to microbes. He died not long thereafter, in his late 60s. I don't have the precise date of death, though his birth was in 1906....
Sadly, apparently in order to receive free treatment, in an unknown number of patients testing for poliovirus did not occur (from above-cited article by jim West):
a) Economic Impetus: During the great epidemic of 1942-1962 polio victims were diagnosed with poliovirus-caused polio, regardless of whether or not the poliovirus was found, because the NFIP (March of Dimes) funds paid only for this kind of polio. Therefore, if patients were going to spend time hospitalized, in iron lungs and undergoing therapy, it would have been economically imperative for the hospital to diagnose them in this way. Thus, presence of poliovirus in poliomyelitis was rarely determined in order to arrive at a diagnosis of polio....
...Even if one believes in virus culpability, other viruses are also claimed by orthodoxy to be the cause of polio-like CNS diseases which are "clinically indistinguishable" from polio. In the 1940-50s, relatively few polio victims were confirmed technically for presence of the poliovirus. In 1958, a laboratory analyses of 222 diagnosed polio victims (Detroit epidemic) found poliovirus in only 51% of the cases. When multiple pathogens are hunted, a mix of pathogens, multiple viruses, fungi, and bacteria, can be associated with a single diagnosed case of polio....(End excerpt)
Jim West also discusses accelerated genetic recombination, the SOS response, and the Ames Assay Test. Rather than post more excerpts, if you are interested in this topic, reading the whole article may be worth your time.
"Morton Biskind Warned the World About DDT" by Andy Piascik has more information about Morton Biskind:
...In the late 1940s, however, a Westport physician by the name of Morton Biskind began noticing new ailments (and new variations on old ailments) in the people he treated, as well as in domestic animals and wildlife. The maladies he observed initially proved most pronounced in dogs, cats, sheep, and cattle and included degenerative problems in their brains, internal organs, and muscles.
When Biskind noticed a dramatic increase in similar symptoms in humans, he began doing research and consulting other doctors. In 1949, he and Dr. Irving Bieber published “DDT Poisoning: A New Syndrome With Neuropsychiatric Manifestations” in the American Journal of Psychotherapy. Much of the article focused on what Biskind and Bieber saw as a link between DDT exposure and the occurrence of polio. “Facts are stubborn,” the authors wrote, “and refusal to accept them does not avoid their inexorable effects—the tragic consequences are now upon us.”
Biskind, Bieber, and others alarmed by the effects of DDT bucked the status quo. Just one year before Biskind and Bieber published their article, Swiss chemist Paul Hermann Muller won the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering the effectiveness of DDT against yellow fever and malaria. Chemical giants such as DuPont and Geigy manufactured large quantities of the insecticide for use during World War II and government regulators (such as those at the Food and Drug Administration) dismissed Biskind’s claims....(End excerpt)
A compilation of clips showing the spraying of DDT and interview excerpts with Rachel Carson, author of Silent Spring follows.
P.S. Required copyright notice for: "Everything You Learned About The Cause of Polio Is Wrong" by Jim West © 2015 GreenMedInfo LLC. This work is reproduced and distributed with the permission of GreenMedInfo LLC. Want to learn more from GreenMedInfo? Sign up for the newsletter here http://www.greenmedinfo.com/greenmed/newsletter.